Essay on Introduction to Computer, Evolution of Computer (Generations) in Hindi

Introduction of Computer in Hindi: computer In today’s time it has become extremely important for every individual, government and companies, without which hardly any work can be completed. This is a machine that is used in every field. A computer is a device to perform automated tasks along with instructions from the user.

In today’s article we will tell you computer of introduction We are going to give information about and also explain to you the generations of computers and will also explain the process of computer development. This article is important for every person who wants to learn computer because if you are not well acquainted with computer then you may face many problems in learning computer.

So let’s start without taking much of your time, know more about this article computer of introduction essay on in hindi Expansion From,

Introduction of Computer

A computer is an electronic device that works on electricity, receives and processes the instructions given by the user and their results. output device shows in. Computer is made up of many hardware and software. Computer has been taken from the English language word Compute which is called calculation in Hindi.

Essay on Introduction to Computer, Evolution of Computer (Generations) - Introduction of Computer in Hindi

When the computer was initially created, its main purpose was to calculate, but modern computers are very advanced which are capable of performing many types of tasks efficiently. In modern times, computers are used for creating documents, sending emails, listening to songs, Internet It is used in tasks such as running.

Meaning of computer in Hindi

Computer meaning in Hindi is computer, calculator or calculator. Computer is derived from the word Compute which in Hindi means calculation.

Computer Full Form

There are different full forms of computer on the internet, but the most popular and famous full form of computer is Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used For Technology and Educational Research.

  • C – Commonly
  • O – Operated
  • M – Machine
  • P – Particularly
  • U – Used For
  • T – Technology
  • E – Educational
  • R – Research

who is the father of computer

Although the credit for making the computer does not go to any one person, from time to time many people made their invaluable contribution in making the computer. The computer started from 1823 AD when Charles Babbage made a machine to calculate, hence Charles Babbage is called the father of computer.

But many scientists made their important contributions to make modern computers, of which Alan Turing’s contribution was the most invaluable. Alan Turing is called the father of the modern computer.

Parts of Computer

computer many hardware And Software There is a system made up of. When all these hardware and software work together then it is called computer. If there is a lack of even one of these two parts, then we will not be able to use the computer.

(1) Hardware

The physical parts or devices of the computer that we can see or touch are called hardware. We can give instructions to the computer only through hardware. Some hardware is installed outside and some hardware is installed inside the computer. Computer hardware is also divided into four parts.

input device The devices of the computer through which the user gives instructions to the computer are called input devices. Without an input device, you cannot get any work done from the computer. keyboard, mouse, scanner, Touch Screen etc. of computer input device Huh.

Output device – Such devices of the computer in which the computer receives the input and displays the result are called output devices. Monitor, printer, projector etc come under output devices.

internal device The devices of the computer which are located inside the computer are called internal devices. These are the tax components of the computer which perform many big tasks in the computer. CPU, RAM, ROM, SSD, hard disk, Processor etc. are the internal devices of the computer.

communication device Computer devices with the help of which two computers can communicate with each other are called communication devices. router, modem, broadband etc. are the communication devices of the computer.

(2) Software

Software is a set of computer programs with the help of which the user can work on the computer. Software is not in physical form and cannot be viewed. The user can only work on the software. The software itself does the work of operating the computer. A computer without software is an empty plastic box.

You can think of hardware as the body of the computer and software as the soul of the computer. There are many types of software in the computer, which we have told you here below.

  • system software System software controls the computer. When the computer is turned on, the system software activates the hardware and controls its functions.
  • Operating System , Operating System The main software of the computer is that which operates all the other software of the computer. No computer will be able to do its work properly without an operating system. Windows, Unix, Linux, android, macOS etc. are operating systems.
  • device driver Device drivers allow the computer’s input and output devices to communicate with each other. As you give input to the computer to print, the printer prints out the copy. This device driver is made possible by. Examples of device drivers include audio players, video players, motherboard drivers, etc.
  • Utility software – Computer software that protects the entire computer utility software They say. like Antivirus Examples of utility software.
  • programming software – Software by which a programmer writes programs to create other software in a computer is called programming software. Like Text Editor, Complier, Assembler etc.
  • Application software- Software that allows the user to interact directly application software It is said that these software can be installed or uninstalled if needed. MS Office, Photoshop, Web browser e.t.c.

How Does Computer Work?

There are mainly three processes in the working of a computer –

  • Input
  • Processing
  • Output

First of all, the user instructs the computer through the input device what kind of information it needs. The CPU receives and processes the input and shows the result to the output device according to the input given by the user. The CPU stores the important data in it on the hard disk.

Evolution of Computer – Generations of Computers

The process of computer development can be traced back to generations of computers. The generations of computers are mainly divided into 5 parts.

The first generation of computers (1940 – 1956)

All computers developed from 1940 to 1956 come under the first generation computers. The main electronic component of these computers was the vacuum tube and magnetic drums and magnetic tape were used for memory. These computers were very large in size. From 1940 to 63, about 100 vacuum tube computers were produced. ENIAC, UNIVAC1, IBM 650, IBM 701 etc. are the first generation computers.

Features of first generation computers

  • The main electronic component in these is the vacuum tube.
  • Main memory for magnetic drums and magnetic tape is used.
  • their programming language Machine Language Is.
  • Consume a lot of electricity and generate a lot of heat.
  • Their speed was very slow.
  • These computers are very big in size.

Second generation of computers (1956 – 1963)

All computers made from 1956 to 1963 are called second generation computers. In these computers, transistors were used in place of vacuum tubes and magnetic cores and magnetic tapes were used for memory. They were smaller in size than the first generation computers. IBM 1401, IBM 7090 and 7094, UNIVAC 1107 etc. are second generation computers.

Features of second generation computers

  • The main electronic component in these is the transistor.
  • Magnetic core and magnetic tape are used for memory.
  • their programming language Assembly Language Is.
  • Consume less power and generate less heat than first generation computers.
  • Their size was smaller than that of the first generation.
  • Their speed had also improved.

Third Generation of Computers (1964 – 1971)

All computers made from 1964 to 1971 are called third generation computers. These computers used integrated circuits (ICs) in place of transistors and used large magnetic cores and magnetic tapes for memory. These were advanced computers compared to both the earlier generations. Due to the use of IC, their size was further reduced. IBM 360, IBM 370, PDP-11, UNIVAC 1108, etc. are third generation computers.

Features of third generation computers

  • Among these, the main electronic component is Integrated Circuits (ICs).
  • Large magnetic cores and magnetic tape discs are used for memory.
  • High level programming languages ​​(FORTRAN, BASIC, Pascal, COBOL, C, etc.) are used in these.
  • In comparison to the second generation computers, they became even smaller in size.
  • Keyboard, monitor, printer are used for input output.

Fourth Generation of Computers (1971 – 1985)

All computers made from 1971 to 1985 are called fourth generation computers. In this generation of computers, microprocessors and VLSIs were used in place of integrated circuits (ICs) and semiconductor memory such as RAM, ROM were used for memory. It was the most advanced computer of that time. Examples of fourth generation computers are IBM PC, STAR 1000, Apple II, Apple Macintosh, etc.

Features of 4th generation computers

  • The main electronic components are VLSI (very large-scale integration) and microprocessor Is. VLSI means thousands of transistors on a micro chip.
  • RAM and ROM are used for memory.
  • It contains high level language (Python, C Language, Java, JavaScriptRust, etc.) are used.
  • Their size is very small compared to the third generation.
  • Keyboard, pointing device, optical scanning, monitor, printer etc. are used as input-output devices.

The fifth generation of computers (from 1985 to present)

All computers made after 1985 come under the fifth generation computer. These are modern computers that Artificial Intelligence are based on. These computers are built on ULSI (Ultra Large-Scale Integration) technology, in which millions of components have been built on a microprocessor chip. Desktops, laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc. are the fifth generation computers.

Features of fifth generation computers

  • The main electronic component of these is ULSI.
  • These computers are based on Artificial Intelligence.
  • This computer can understand Human Language.
  • It consumes very little power.
  • These computers generate very little heat.
  • Their speed is very fast, they are capable of doing tasks in a blink of an eye.
  • Their storage capacity is very high and they are available in large quantities. data can store.
  • These computers are very small in size.

FAQ: Introduction of Computer in Hindi

What is computer called in Hindi?

Computer is called computer or calculator in Hindi.

How many generations of computers are there?

Based on the development of computers, computers are classified into five generations.

How many parts are there in a computer?

There are mainly two parts of computer hardware and software. Hardware is the physical part of the computer that can be seen and touched by hands. While software are virtual parts, they can neither be seen nor touched.

Who is called the father of computer?

Charles Babbage is said to be the father of computer.

Conclusion: Introduction and Development of Computer in Hindi

After reading today’s blog post, you Introduction to computer, development of computer and complete information about the parts of computer would have got it. Even after reading this article, if you have any doubts or questions related to computer in your mind, then you can tell us in the comment box below, we will try to answer your questions soon. And yes, if this information proves beneficial for you, then share it with your friends too.

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