Know about the great scientist Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman

Whenever it comes to great personalities in India, CV Raman’s name always comes at the top of the list. One of the most influential scientists of the 20th century was CV Raman. His curiosity and quest to learn always encouraged him towards revolutionary discoveries which are at the top of modern science. His contribution to the field of science is significant. Apart from this, he was also a part of the establishment of most of the research institutes of the country. Come, know about this great scientist in CV Raman biography in Hindi.

early life

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Born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman was the second of eight children. His father Chandrasekaran Ramanathan Iyer was a student of Mathematics and Physics. Teacher Were. Her mother Parvati Ammal was taught to read and write by her husband. At the time of Raman’s birth, the family was financially unstable, but when CV Raman Biography was four years old, his father became a lecturer, which improved his living conditions and moved to Visakhapatnam (now Vizag) . His education from a very young age was exceptional. Raman always had more attention towards science.

As Raman grew up, he started reading his father’s books. Raman understood the importance of reading at a very young age, often borrowing books on mathematics and physics from his friends. During his studies in college, academic excellence became his specialty. Possibly the most eminent scientist of the 20th century, CV Raman was chosen as India’s first national professor after independence.

CV Raman’s Education

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CV Raman’s education did not start in school, but it was at that time that he realized his love for science. At the age of 11, he completed his 10th and at the age of 14, Raman began his bachelor’s degree at Presidency College in 1903. In 1904, he completed his degree, emerging as a topper, winning medals in Physics and English.

although their Professor advised him to pursue his Masters in the UK, but he let this idea go in the face of his health. He stayed in India and did his higher education from the same college. In 1907, after earning his master’s degree from Presidency College, he worked as an accountant in the finance department. In 1917, he became Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta where he furthered his research and studied the ‘scattering of light’ in various materials, which earned him much acclaim.

Important Works of CV Raman

CV Raman Biography in Hindi
Source – Good Morning Science

The career of CV Raman Biography in Hindi was very good. He achieved the position in his life which he deserved. He achieved many successes in his career, due to which he was awarded the Nobel Prize. At the beginning of his career, Raman’s teachers advised his father to send him to England for higher education, but due to ill health, he could not go abroad for higher education.

Raman secured the first position in this examination and was appointed officer in the finance of the government. Raman was appointed to the post of Assistant Accountant General in Kolkata and set up a small laboratory in his own house. In Kolkata, he continued his research in the lab of the ‘Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS)’. Every morning he used to reach the council’s lab before leaving for office. He used to spend the whole day in the lab and busy with his experiments even on Sundays.

This continued for many years, but when he felt that he was not able to give time to his lab with a job, Raman left the government job in the year 1917 and accepted the chair in Physics under IACS. In 1917, he was appointed as Professor of Physics of the University of Calcutta.

  • For his contribution in the field of ‘Optics’ Raman was made a member of ‘Royal Society’ of London in the year 1924 and it was a matter of great honor for any scientist.
  • The ‘Raman Effect’ was discovered on 28 February 1928. Raman announced this in the foreign press the very next day. It was published by the prestigious scientific journal ‘Nature’. On March 16, 1928, he gave a speech at the South Indian Science Association in Bangalore on his new discovery. After this gradually research on ‘Raman Effect’ started in all the labs of the world.
  • Raman was also the President of the Indian Science Congress in the year 1929. In 1930, he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the scattering of light and the Raman effect.
  • In the year 1934, Raman was made the director of the Indian Institute of Science (IIS), Bangalore. He also researched the spectral nature of Stills, the basic issues of still dynamics, the structure and properties of diamonds, and the optical conduction of many colored materials. He was the first to discover the nature of harmonics of tabla and mridangam. He retired from IIS in the year 1948. He then established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore.

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Awards and honors

Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman was honored with many awards for his contribution in the field of science:-

  • In the year 1924, Raman was made a member of the ‘Royal Society’ of London.
  • The ‘Raman Effect’ was discovered on 28 February 1928. In the memory of this great discovery, 28 February is celebrated every year in India as ‘National Science Day’.
  • He presided over the Indian Science Congress in the year 1929.
  • He was given knighthood in the year 1929.
  • In 1930, he received the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics for the scattering of light and the discovery of the Raman Effect.
  • 1932 In Spain, CV Raman Biography in Hindi and Suri Bhagwantam discovered the photon quantum. In this quest, both of them cooperated with each other.
  • Raman was awarded the post of National Lecturer by the Government of India in 1947.
  • He was also awarded the International Chemical Farming Science in 1948 by the American Chemical Society and the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science.
  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in the year 1954.
  • In 1957, he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize.

Discovery of CV Raman

CV Raman Biography in Hindi
Source – IndiaTimes

In 1928, the great scientist and Nobel laureate Sir CV Raman Biography in Hindi discovered his famous Raman Effect. This discovery not only revealed why ocean water is blue in colour, it also revealed that whenever a light passes through a transparent medium, its nature and behavior change. Even more special thing is that this was the first time that an Indian got the Nobel Prize in Science. For this reason, National Science Day is celebrated on 28 February.

private life

CV Raman Biography in Hindi was married to Lokasundari Ammal on 6 May 1907. They had two sons – Chandrasekhar and Radhakrishnan. Lokasundari Ammal died in 1980 in Bangalore at the age of 88.


CV Raman was born on 21 November 1970 at the age of 82 in Bangalore. In October 1970, CV was admitted to the hospital after suffering a heart attack.

Essay on CV Raman

Essay in CV Raman biography in Hindi is as follows:


CV Raman became the first person from an Asian country to receive the Nobel Prize. He was honored for his work on the discovery of the Raman effect and the scattering of light. The Nobel Prize is a great honor for a scientist.

Early life and education

Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman (CV Raman) was born on 7 November 1888 in Chennai (Madras). He is the only Nobel laureate from India to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. His father was a lecturer in Visakhapatnam, where he did his schooling.

CV Raman joined the Financial Civil Service in Calcutta in 1907 as an Assistant Accountant General. Later in his life, he did various experiments as a great physician. He was the man behind the ground breaking task of discovering the Raman Effect.


CV Raman had made such a huge contribution in the field of science at that time. The success of his research and research work had brought pride to the country. He gave more importance to practical knowledge. At that time it was a big achievement in itself. It is difficult to find a scientist like him. He is always remembered for his great works and achievements.

Also read: Importance of Value Education

great thought

These thoughts of CV Raman biography in Hindi will work to give you a new path in your life, which are as follows:

Giving his views about fundamental science, he said that I have full faith in basic science, and it should not be inspired by any industrial, instructional, governments as well as any military force.

Regarding modern physics, he said that modern physics is completely built on the basic hypothesis of the atomic constitution.

Describing his great experience, he said that in the summer of 1921, when he went to Europe, he got the first opportunity to observe the strange blue color of the Mediterranean Sea.

While giving his views about success and failure, he has said that we ourselves are responsible for our failure. If we do not fail, we will never be able to learn anything. Failure is what motivates you to achieve success.

Regarding the search for knowledge, he has said that we often keep looking for opportunities from where to make the discovery, but we see that the development of a new branch is hidden in the starting point of the natural phenomenon itself.

Do not be afraid of any question, if the question is done right, then naturally the doors of correct answer will open for it.

You can’t always choose who will come into your life, but whoever you are, you can always learn from them, they will always give you a lesson.

If someone treats me right, one will always see success in the right direction, if someone treats me wrongly, then your pit is sure.

If someone thinks of you in their own way, it’s ruining the best place of their mind and that could be their problem, not yours.

I feel and feel that if the women of India show their interest in science and progress of science, they can achieve whatever men have failed to achieve till date.

unheard facts

The unheard facts related to the pride of the country, Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman are as follows:

  • In 1928, Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics, but he lost to the famous British physicist Owen Richardson.
  • In 1929, Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman lost the Nobel Prize in Physics to the famous French physicist Louis de Broglie.
  • Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman was the first Asian and the first non-white person to receive the Nobel Prize in Science.
  • In 1943, the Travancore Chemical and Manufacturing Company Limited was started by Chandrasekhar Venkat, which manufactured potassium chlorate for the match industry.


What was the name of Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman’s mother?

Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman’s mother’s name was Parvati Ammal.

What was invented by Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman?

Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman made a discovery in the field of physics on 20 February 1928. This discovery is known as the Raman Effect. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1930 for this discovery in the field of physics. CV Raman was the first Asian to receive the Nobel Prize.

When did CV Raman die?

CV Raman died on 21 November 1970.

In which year was CV Raman awarded the Bharat Ratna?

CV Raman was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954.

When and where was Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman born?

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born in Tiruvanaikoil, Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu).

When did CV Raman get the Nobel Prize?

CV Raman received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 “for his work on the scattering of light”.

What was discovered by CV Raman?

CV Raman discovered the ‘Raman Effect’.

What was the full name of CV Raman?

CV Raman’s full name was Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman.

Source – PIB India

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