history It matters a lot in our life because today is possible only because of history. What is today, will be told tomorrow by history. But history has its own importance. We exist only because of history. There are different opinions among all historians and intellectuals regarding Modern History. This of Modern history in Hindi blog Will give you some important information related to the modern history of India. So let’s give you about Expansion information from
What is modern history?
The history of India can be traced back to about 5,500 years ago. Modern Indian history can be called the history after 1850. A large part of modern Indian history was occupied by the British rule in India. Modern History in Hindi can be considered from before the Mughals came to India till the reign of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. all historians And intellectuals have their own different facts that modern Indian history ends at India’s independence.
The history of India from the rise of man to the tenth century is called ancient India. In Modern History in Hindi, you will learn more about ancient India. The means of information about the history of ancient India can be divided into two parts-
- literary device
- Archaeological tools (which are both indigenous and foreign.)
There are two types of literary devices-
- religious literature
- secular literature
Religious literature is also of two types
- brahmin book
- non-brahmanical texts
There are two types of Brahmin texts-
- Shruti: Which includes Vedas, Brahmanas, Upanishads etc.
- Commemoration: Under which come Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas, Smritis etc.
There are also four types of cosmic literature –
- historical literature
- foreign statement
- biographical fiction
Archaeological materials can be divided into three parts-
- ruins monument
The Stone Age was a period when people depended on stones. Stone tools, stone cave were the main basis of their life. It is from the early period of human civilization when humans were not as developed as they are today. During this period man used to struggle with natural calamities and lived by hunting and eating tuber-root fruits. There were 2 parts of the stone age. Palaeolithic Age and Neolithic Age ((6000 BC to 1000 BC)). Palaeolithic age is divided into 3 parts –
- Early or Lower Palaeolithic (25,00,000 BC – 100,000 BC)
- Middle Palaeolithic Age (100,000 BC – 40,000 BC)
- Upper Palaeolithic Age (40,000 BC – 10,000 BC)
Vedic literature was important in the history of India as well as the whole world. It told the most important thing about the Vedas to the human civilization. Let us know the names of Vedas in Modern History in Hindi.
- Atharva Veda
Bronze Age and Indus Valley Civilization
Mahapadmananda Nanda Maurya Empire
The Maurya Dynasty (322–185 BC) was a powerful and proud dynasty of ancient India. The Maurya dynasty ruled India for 137 years. The credit for its establishment is given to Chandragupta Maurya and his minister Chanakya (Kautilya).
In Modern History, the medieval period is also called medieval India, it was the period between “Ancient India” and “Modern India” which reflects the long period of history of the Indian subcontinent. This period was from the sixth century to the sixteenth century. It had 2 parts.
- Early medieval period (6–13th century)
- late medieval period (13–16th century)
early medieval period
In this period, there were many dynasties, dynasties etc. who ruled different parts of the whole of India. This was the period when India was also called the golden bird. Many big wars also took place during this period. This period ended with the establishment of the Mughal Empire in 1526.
late medieval period
This was the period when Islam came to India and there were many big wars between them and for their supremacy in the dynasties of India. The Delhi Sultanate and many Muslim dynasties flourished. Meanwhile, many people had also come from abroad, one of whom was the one who discovered the sea route to India, his name was vasco da gama,
Must read: Emperor Ashoka History in Hindi
Establishment of the Mughal Empire and Rajput struggle
in India Mughal Empire With the establishment of the medieval age came to an end. Mughal Empire in India Babar was established by In the first battle of Panipat in 1526, Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi and strengthened the Mughal Empire in India to its roots. in 1527 Battle of Khanwa Babur in Veer Rana Sanga He had defeated by which he had conquered half of India. After that the war of Mughal Emperor Akbar Daring Maharana Pratap Singh In which Akbar won that war, everyone knows this war by the name of Haldighati war. Similarly, the Mughals fought and won in every corner of the country.
Due to the greed of the Mughals, the kings in front of them were kneeling in front of them, while the Rajputs were in trouble due to the betrayal of their own people. The battles of Khanwa and Haldighati which could have been easily won were lost by the betrayal of his army or his allies, which also gave Babur an opportunity to spread the Mughal Empire in India.
East India Company coming to India
The East India Company was established in India on 31 December 1600. Its arrival can be called the first phase of Indian modern history. Earlier it was known as John Company but later it was called East India Company. John Watts was the founder of this company and it was he who took permission from the Queen of Britain to do business for this company.
The foundation of modern Indian history was laid by the establishment of the East India Company. All other events in modern Indian history are based on the establishment of the East India Company. When the East India Company came to India, it was under the rule of the Mughals. Many years later, in 1757 between the Mughals and the East India Company war of Plasi Which was easily won by the British. then in 1764 Battle of Buxar It happened between the British and Shujauddaulah, which the British easily won. By doing this in Modern History in Hindi, the East India Company had established its rule over the whole of India by pushing the Mughals to the margins.
1857- First rebellion of India’s independence
When the oppression and policies of the British were not tolerated by the people of India, the Indian soldiers within the British army rebelled against the new cartridge in 1857, which later gradually became the first freedom struggle for India, which was the cause of India’s independence. In the hands of the fearless freedom fighter Mangal Pandey. Later he also got the support of many kings. In which Tatya Tope Had also got the support of This struggle could not be successful in the end and the British had crushed this rebellion.
end of the mughal empire
Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was sent to Rangoon (Myanmar) by the British as a punishment for the failure of the 1857 independence rebellion. This happened because Bahadur Shah Zafar did not support the British in the 1857 rebellion of independence. He died in 1862 due to some illness. With this, the Mughal Empire came to an end from India.
Establishment of Indian National Congress
The Indian National Congress was established on 28 December 1885. It was founded by Allan Octavian Hume who was a British officer. Congress is also the first political party of the country. Congress had also contributed a lot in the freedom movement of the country.
1947 – Independent India
On 15 August 1947, India saw a different dawn. This morning was the morning of freedom. With this independence, India became completely free from the British Raj. Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had declared India’s independence and after that he also became the first Prime Minister of the country.
Must read, History Questions in Hindi for UPSC and SSC
Wars of 1962, 1965 and 1971
When talking about modern history, it is natural to mention the wars of 1962, 1965 and 1971, their information is as follows:
- War of 1962: India had a war with China, which was won by China. Indian army fought very bravely in this war. The reason for India losing the war was the construction of roads and lack of modern weapons.
- War of 1965: Between India and Pakistan took place from August-23 September 1965. India won it. Several thousand soldiers of both countries died in this war, which was very high at that time. The main reason for this war was Pakistan’s operation Gibraltar, which was against the interests of India.
- War of 1971: People in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) were angry about the atrocities of Pakistan which caused tension there. To deal with this atrocity, the Mukti Bahini army was formed in East Pakistan, which was supported by the Indian Army. In such a situation, this war had directly become Pakistan vs India. This war was won by India from which Bangladesh was born. The Indian Army got a new dimension from this war.
Nuclear test of 1974
India’s first nuclear bomb test was conducted from Pokhran Army Base in Rajasthan named Operation Smiling Buddha. This test was done when former Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister. Its capacity was 12 kilotons. After the successful test, India had become a nuclear power country.
Other Big Events in Modern History
The names of other major events in Modern History are given below-
- Arrival of Portuguese in India
- Arrival of the Dutch in India
- arrival of the french
- Anglo-Maratha War
- Anglo-Maratha Pacts
- governor general of india
- Champaran Satyagraha
- Hartag Committee
- Sergeant Education Scheme
- Wood Manifesto
Best Books for Modern History
To read about Modern History in Hindi, you are being given a list of the best books in the world, which will help you in further studies or increasing your knowledge. The list of best books is as follows:
Popular Modern History Courses in India
Following is a list of popular Modern History courses in India that you need to know about. Below is the course table for Modern History in Hindi-
|BA in History||3 years|
|MA in History||2 years|
|MPhil in History||2 years|
|PhD in History||2-4 years|
You AI Course Finder With the help of this, you can also choose courses and universities according to your interest.
world’s top universities
The list of top universities in the world for Modern History in Hindi is as follows:
Mega UniConnectthe world’s first and largest university fair where you can get to speak to study abroad representatives chance to.
Universities for Modern History Courses in India
Following is a list of popular universities in India for Modern History courses that you need to know about. Below is the list of universities for Modern History in Hindi-
- Jesus and Mary College
- Jamia Millia Islamia
- Delhi University
- Delhi College of Arts and Commerce
- Faculty of Social Sciences, Kurukshetra University
- Allahabad University
Must read, Know the history of India Indian History
The history of modern India is clearly divided into two parts. The background set by the mutiny of 1857 forms the subject matter of the first part of the book. It begins with the arrival of Dutch, Portuguese, English, French-all these foreigners in India.
The period of modern history of India (from 1757 to 1947) has been considered.
The tradition of writing the history of India in a modern form started with the establishment of the East India Company’s rule in the country. During the company’s rule, western-style new discoveries, interpretations and processes had started in the country’s political, social, literary, historical, educational, economic etc. fields.
Voltaire is called the father of modern historiography. Knowing about the events that happened in the modern era is called modern history, about which Voltaire was the first to tell, hence he is called the father of modern history.
During the 1971 Indo-Pak war, the Army Chief of India was General Sam Manekshaw.
This blog of Modern History in Hindi must have definitely introduced you to Modern History. If you want to go abroad and do history courses, then you can visit our Leverage Edu You can consult experts, they will provide you a proper guidance. To book a free 30 minute session, contact us 1800 572 000 Call on