Know why punctuation marks are used with examples

Punctuation marks are very important in language. If punctuation marks are not used, sometimes the meaning is lost. Questions with punctuation marks are often asked in school level and government exams. Let us know how many types of viram chinh are there and about the important questions related to it.

punctuation worksheet

definition of punctuation

Pause means “to stop”. The written symbols used in written language are called viram chinh. Punctuation marks are needed to make the author’s sense of emotion understandable and simple.

punctuation
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read this also : Know the definition of juice

types of punctuation

There are 13 types of viram chinh in Hindi:

full stop Full Stop (.)
semi stop Semi Colon (;)
a little break Comma (,)
sub stop Colon (:)
question mark Question Mark (?)
additive symbol Hyphen (–)
parenthesis Bracket ()
quote or quote Inverted Comma ( “…” )
exclamation mark Sign of Exclamation [ ! ]
minus sign / abbreviation Abbreviation Sign (0)
directive mark Sign of Dash [ — ]
description mark Sign of Following ( :- )
exclamation mark Oblivion Sign (^)
Source : Blueprint Digital

full stop-(.)

When we speak, we pause after the end of the sentence. Similarly, while writing, put a full stop after the end of the sentence. It is used everywhere except in exclamatory sentences and interrogative sentences. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

Ex: The boy’s foot slipped. All the children went to him.

Doha poetry also uses full stop in verses. A full stop comes after the first phase is over and two full stops are put at the end of the second phase.

semicolon-(;)

Where the pause is to be shorter than the full stop and longer than the comma, the semicolon is used. , The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

  • sunset is over; Lalima was replaced by Kalima.
  • Sunrise has come; The bird started chirping and the lotus blossomed.
  • Mango is considered the best fruit among fruits; But in Srinagar, other types of fruits are specially grown.

a little break-(,)

A punctuation mark that creates a break in the middle of a sentence is called a comma. The comma is used in the following situations. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

  • in a sentence with two or more similar words
  • after yes / no ; Example: No, I can’t walk. Yes, if you want to go then go.
  • for the separation of titles; Eg: BA, MA, Ph. D..

sub-break-(:)

Also called incomplete pause. When someone is depicted separately. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

Example: Ram eats food.

  • Title – Mother : Mamta Statue
  • Samvad – Suman: Come, let me introduce you to Yamraj.
  • Amit: Brother, I don’t feel like talking to him right now.

question mark (?)

The ‘question mark’ (?) is used at the end of interrogative sentences.

  • In a sentence with interrogative words when, where, how, why, when etc.
    Eg: 1. are you going 2. Why did you call him?
  • To show a sarcastic sense of humor followed by a general statement; Eg: A Sharif like him has not been born till date?

additive sign-(–)

To clarify the relationship between two words and to write them together, the junction sign (–) is used. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

  • tatpurush and dvad samasa : Geeta – Sangeeta, parents, true and false.
  • In the sense of middle: Kalka-Howrah-Mail.
  • Before the comparison pointer sa/c/se : Like you, Meera-like devotee.
  • different words (in pairs)-Crowd-crowd, fear-boon, water-vani.

parenthesis ()

Brackets are used to clarify the meaning of words or phrases that come in the middle of the sentence, that is, the parenthesis sign () is used to make the meaning more clear, by writing the word or phrase inside the parentheses. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

For example:- Dashanan (Ravan) is killed on the occasion of Dussehra.
Lata Mangeshkar is the Nightingale of India (sweet song).

Quote or Example Symbol-( “…” )

Quotation marks (“…”) are used to quote something said by a great man or to emphasize a particular word in a sentence. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

Eg: Mahavira said, “Ahimsa Paramo Dharma”.
Gandhi said, “Always speak the truth”.

Exclamation mark [ ! ]

In the sentence, exclamation mark is used to convey joy, controversy, astonishment, hatred, shelter, compassion, fear etc. i.e. exclamation mark (!) is used before the word. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

For example – Oh Ram! What has happened.
poop poop ! How messy
Ahh ! What a lovely weather.

minus sign / abbreviation -(0)

The minus sign / abbreviation (0) is used to write the abbreviation of a large fraction. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

For Earned Leave – A.A.
For Doctor – Dr.
For Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh

directive mark [ — ]

The directing mark is also like a large line but its size is larger than the connector sign. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

  • To clarify the definition of a phrase/word, such as: “You have to be a good citizen” – diligently, with dedication, sincerity.
  • Before authorizing a statement made by any person; For example: Where did Gandhiji say – “Only by true non-violence we can liberate the country. ,

Description Mark- ( :- )

The description mark (:-) is used to give some indicative instructions etc. in the subject of the phrase. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

For example, many rivers originate from the Himalayas, in which the main ones are:- Ganga

exclamation mark or erroneous sign/laugh – (^)

It is also called as flawed. When a word is omitted while writing, that word is written above by putting this symbol. The examples of this viram chinh are as follows :-

Eg – Ram ^ Gaya – Ram has gone.
Sita brought ^ – Sita brought kheer.

Source : Rachna Sagar

Punctuation Marks MCQ

What is the meaning of punctuation mark?
1.walk
2. stay or stay
3. Repetition of sentences
4. None of these

Answer – (2) to stay or stay

Which of these is Hanspad?
1. ^
2. “”
3. ?
4. :

Answer – (1) ^

Which punctuation mark is used when there is more than one sentence, word or phrase in the same sentence?
1.short pause
2. Full stop
3. semicolon
4. Hanspad pause

Answer – (1) Short pause

It is used at the end of all sentences except interrogative and exclamation-
1. comma
2. Full stop
3 semicolons
4. Hanspad pause

Answer – (1) Full stop

You sold your farm, what punctuation mark will come in it?
1. Full stop
2. semicolon
3. comma
4. Question Break

Answer (4) Question Break

Name the following punctuation mark (:) correctly-
1. Colon
2. comma
3.Description Mark
4. Question Break

Answer- (1) Sub-colon

Choose the correct punctuation mark from the following sentence.
1.Hey! You got up so early
2. Hey; You got up so early
3. Hey, you got up so early.
4. Hey? You got up so early

Answer- (1) Oh! You got up so early

practice worksheet

viram chinh worksheet
Source : Pinterest

FAQs

What would the pause mean?

Pause means “to stop”.

What is the name of the (;) symbol?

Semi Colon-Semi Colon (;)

Why are punctuation marks used?

Punctuation marks are needed to make the author’s sense of emotion understandable and simple.

What are punctuation marks called in English?

Punctuation is called Punctuation in English.

When is the question mark used?

The ‘question mark’ (?) is used at the end of interrogative sentences.

What is a directive mark?

Sign of Dash [ — ]

What is the exclamation mark?

,

How to say cm column in Hindi?

semi stop

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