Life introduction of great litterateur Ramvriksha Benipuri

India has sacrificed a lot to get its freedom from the British. You will remember the sacrifice of brave freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Khudiram Bose, Mangal Pandey etc. but very few people would know about the freedom struggle of Benipuri, the Red Ram tree of the soil of Bihar. So let’s know the life introduction of this great freedom fighter and writer Ramvriksha Benipuri.

Early life of Ramvriksha Benipuri

Life introduction of Ramvriksha Benipuri
Source: Wikipedia

Ramvriksh Benipuri was born on 23 December 1902 in Benipur village of Muzaffarpur, Bihar. His father Mr. Phoolwant Singh was a simple farmer. His parents had died in his childhood. His aunt had brought him up.

Education of Ramvriksha Benipuri

His early education took place in Benipur only. Later, he was educated in his maternal grandfather also. Even before passing the matriculation examination, he left his studies in 1920 and joined the non-cooperation movement started under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. Later passed the examination of ‘Visharad’ from Hindi literature.

Benipuri’s immense contribution in the freedom struggle

Benipuri has immense contribution in the Indian independence movement. Benipuri was a journalist of Hindi literature and started several newspapers, including the newspaper named ‘Yuvak’ in 1929. He had given a lot of message of nationalism among the people and had vowed to root out the British Raj. In 1931, established the ‘Samajwadi Dal’. In 1942, due to the August Revolution Movement, he had to go to Hazaribagh Jail and not only this, he had to go to jail many times for inciting patriotism in newspapers and magazines. While in Hazaribagh Jail, he had also launched “Break the Janeu Campaign” against casteism. In 1957, as a candidate of his ‘Samajwadi Dal’, he was elected a member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly.


Benipuri ji has raised his pen in all prose genres like novel, drama, story, memory, essay and line drawing etc. In the life introduction of Ramvriksha Benipuri, you will know about the books, plays etc written by him –

some of the main treatise They are as follows –

  • in the land of the fallen
  • line drawing – clay sculpture
  • red star

Story – pita flowers

play – Amb Pali

Essay – wheat and rose, torch, vande vani to vinay

Memories chains and walls

Travel Description – By tying wings to the feet.

Benipuri ji has also edited many newspapers and magazines, some of which are as follows:

  • Boy
  • Tarun Bharti
  • young boy
  • farmer friend
  • prisoner
  • Yogi
  • public
  • Himalaya
  • new section
  • Chunnu Munnu

There was a plan to publish the entire literature of Benipuri ji in 10 volumes under the name Benipuri Granthawali, of which only a few volumes could be published. Mati Ki Murat is a collection of his best line drawings. There are 12 sketches in total.

Language style of Ramvriksha Benipuri

Benipuri ji’s essays are memorable and emotional. The shadow of intense elation of the emotional heart is present in almost all his essays. In the prose literature of Benipuri ji, a clear tableau of deep feelings and imaginations can be seen. There is use of vertical language in it, one can understand it. He had an infallible hold on the language. Popular words of Sanskrit, English and Urdu have been used in their language. Idioms and folk lines have been used to make the language alive, simple and effective. There is variety in the style, somewhere diary style, somewhere drama style. The fluency in the language is scholarly everywhere. The life introduction of Ramvriksha Benipuri is also found in his language style.

There are many features of his style which are found in each of his writings. Benipuri’s prose suits the nature of Hindi literature. Benipuri has also used descriptive, critical, symbolic, figurative and pictorial style very well.


Benipuri was a fighting patriot. He has a special place as both a patriot and a writer. Ramdhari Singh Dinkar ji has written about him – ‘Benipuri was not only a writer, he did not have only that fire which emerges from the pen and becomes literature.’ He was also rich in the fire that gives rise to political and social movements, which break traditions and attack values. Restless poets, thinkers, revolutionaries and fearless warriors all lived together inside Benipuri.’ Life introduction of Ramvriksha Benipuri His contribution is immense.


Life introduction of Ramvriksha Benipuri
Source: Wikipedia

In 1999, a collection of postage stamps was issued by the ‘Indian Postal Service’ in honor of Ramvriksha Benipuri, in the half-year of adopting Hindi as the national language of the Indian Union, to celebrate the linguistic harmony of India. In his honor, the ‘Annual All India Ramvriksha Benipuri Award’ is given by the Government of Bihar.

place in literature

Benipuri was a writer of many talents. He created literature by adopting various genres of prose. His literary practice started from journalism itself. Literary practice and patriotism were his favorite subjects. Fine examples of stories, novels, plays, sketches, memoirs, biographies, travelogues, fine articles, etc. are found in his works.

Wheat and Rose is the first essay of his book titled Wheat and Rose. In this, the author has considered wheat as an obstacle to economic and political progress and rose to cultural progress. For the development of human culture, the role of writers and artists is a rose and it has its own place. The place he has achieved in literature in the life introduction of Ramvriksha Benipuri is a record in itself.


On 7 September 1968, Ramvriksha Benipuri said goodbye to this world at the age of 66.


Where was Ramvriksha Benipuri born?

Ramvriksha Benipuri was born in Muzaffarpur, Bihar.

When did Ramvriksha Benipuri die?

Ramvriksh Benipuri died on 9 September 1968.

What was the language style of Ramvriksha Benipuri ji?

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