What is Ethernet, its types and how does it work (Ethernet In Hindi)

What is Ethernet in Hindi: Network all devices in one protocol It is connected through a network so that all the devices connected in the network can communicate among themselves and exchange data. Different protocols are used to create different networks.

In today’s article we are going to talk about the technology used to create LAN network, the technology is Ethernet. It is through the Ethernet protocol that computers and network devices in LAN are interconnected so that they can easily share data.

In this article you will get to know that Ethernet what is, ethernet How Work does Is, ethernet Of type, ethernet Of Constituent, ethernet cable Of type, ethernet Of advantage And Harm And Internet And ethernet In gap what Is, If you want to get all the above information related to Ethernet, then definitely read this article till the end.

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What is Ethernet, its types and how it works (Internet Vs Ethernet In Hindi)

What is Ethernet

Ethernet is a communication protocol in a network by which a network computer and other network devices are interconnected so that Data can be exchanged.

Ethernet technology is mostly used Local Area Network (LAN) is done. Ethernet technology is used to create networks at places like offices, schools, colleges etc.

Whenever a network is established, it needs a protocol to work. Protocols are rules made for the network, according to which devices in the network connect and share information. Ethernet is also a type of network protocol. Which is mainly used to build LAN networks.

In Ethernet technology, computers and other network devices are connected together with the help of cables, the cable used in this is called Ethernet cable. These cables are Coaxial Cables, Twisted Pair and Fiber Cables. Apart from Ethernet, LAN can be made in many different ways, which is called Topology. Like bus, star, ring etc.

Ethernet works at both the data link layer and the physical layer of the OSI network model. Technically we can define Ethernet as follows.

Definition of Ethernet in Hindi

ethernet TCP/IP K is a protocol of the data link layer, with the help of which computers and other devices in the network are interconnected so that information can be exchanged.

History of Ethernet

Ethernet was made in 1970 in a company called Xerox PARC. Ethernet was created by Robert Metcalfe along with some people. Initially Ethernet was called Alto Aloha Network.

When Ethernet was new – its speed was maximum 10 MB per second. With the advancement of technology, the speed of Ethernet also increased and it started working at the speed of 100 Mbps, it was called Fast Ethernet. With the development in technology, the speed of Ethernet became 1000 Mbps, which was called Gigabit Ethernet.

In today’s era, the speed of Ethernet is up to 10 GB. Ethernet is the world’s fastest and most reliable network technology, which is used in every corner of the world.

how ethernet works

Ethernet is used for LAN setup, because Ethernet covers a very small area. Since Ethernet cables are used in Ethernet, the range of the network can also be increased by increasing the length of the cable.

In Ethernet network, when a computer wants to send a data packet, it first senses the cable whether any data is already present in the cable or not. If no data packet is present in the cable, then Ethernet sends the data packet to the main cable. All computers are connected to the network through the main cable.

After sending the data packet, all the devices connected to the Ethernet network check the destination address of the packet. And the device with which that address matches gets the data packet.

Components required for Ethernet

The following components are required to make a network with the help of Ethernet.

  • Ethernet Cable
  • Ethernet Hub
  • Crossover Cable
  • Router

#1 – Ethernet Cable

In Ethernet technology, an Ethernet cable is required to connect a computer or device. Ethernet cables are used to connect two or more network devices so that data can be exchanged. There are mainly three types of cables used in LAN networks, Coaxial Cables, Twisted Pair and Fiber Cables.

#2 – Ethernet Hub

Hub is a networking device through which the cables of computers in the network can be connected, the hub works to connect the computers in the network. The hub has a number of Ethernet ports to which the Ethernet cable is connected.

#3 – Router

router It is a networking device with the help of which data packets are transferred between networks. Through the router, the computer’s data reaches the other network. Router determines the route for data transfer.

Types of Ethernet

There are many types of Ethernet depending on its speed, quality. We have told you below about some of the major types of Ethernet –

#1 – Fast Ethernet

Initially, when Ethernet was made, its speed was not high. It could only work at a maximum speed of 10 MBps. But gradually there was development in Ethernet and the speed of Ethernet went up to 100 Mbps. It was named Fast Ethernet. Fast Ethernet is also called Ethernet Standard IEEE 802.3u.

video, multimedia, graphics, Internet This ethernet was very good for video applications, but this ethernet was not suitable for video applications. Because this ethernet is necessary for video application Bandwidth was unable to provide.

#2 – Gigabit Ethernet

Using Voice over IP on multimedia required a faster network, for this Gigabit Ethernet was created. Its speed was 1000 Mbps. Gigabit Ethernet is also denoted by the Ethernet standard IEEE 802.3z. At present, this Ethernet is widely used. In this type of ethernet Twisted Pair And Fiber Cables Used to connect computers together.

#3 – 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10 Gigabit Ethernet)

This is the most modern and fastest Ethernet with a speed of 10 Gbps. Meaning that using this Ethernet data is transferred at a speed of 10 GB per second. This version of Ethernet is called the standard IEEE 802.3ae version. Optical fiber cable is used in this Ethernet.

Advantages of Ethernet

There are many advantages of Ethernet such as –

  • Ethernet speed is very high, 10 Gbps.
  • to ethernet switch either hub is not required.
  • Ethernet is a very reliable technology.
  • Ethernet is very easy to maintain.
  • Ethernet is a great technology for building small networks such as LANs.
  • Security in Ethernet is of a very high level.
  • The cost of Ethernet is also cheap.

Disadvantage of Ethernet in Hindi

Ethernet also has some disadvantages such as –

  • Ethernet cannot be used to build large networks.
  • Ethernet has limited mobility.
  • It provides a nondeterministic service.
  • Ethernet provides connection-less communication.

Difference between Internet and Ethernet

Internet and Ethernet have a lot in common, but the difference between them is huge. internet one Wide Area Network that computers around the world, ServerConnects to, Internet can be used by computers from all over the world.

Whereas Ethernet is a networking technology using which computers and other networking devices are connected together in a local area network. Ethernet can be used only in a limited area such as in places like home, office, school etc.

What is Ethernet Cable

A cable is needed to connect to a LAN network via Ethernet. These cables are called Ethernet cables. There are mainly 3 types of Ethernet cables.

#1 – Coaxial Cable

Coaxial cable consists of a single wire which is covered by an insulator, a metal shield and a plastic shell. Insulator controls the signal. The metal shield protects against electromagnetic interference. And plastic protects the cable from foreign objects such as fire and water.

There are mainly two versions of Coaxial Cable, Thick Net and Than Net.

#2 – Twisted Pair Cable

In Twisted Pair Cable, pairs of two or four copper wires are covered with a plastic shell so that the signal of one wire cannot spoil the signal of the other wire. This type of cable is most commonly used in Ethernet technology.

There are also two versions of Twisted Pair Cable, Shielded and Un Shielded.

#3 – Fiber Optic Cable

In Coaxial and Twisted Pair Cable, the data goes through Electromagnetic Interference but Fiber Optic Cable Uses light to carry data. Fiber Optic Cable is a thin thread-like cable that is made of plastic or glass. The bandwidth of this cable is high as compared to other cables and the chances of signal degradation are also very less.

Ethernet FAQs

What is Ethernet?

Ethernet is a network protocol that connects computers and other networking devices in a LAN so that they can exchange data.

Who invented Ethernet?

Ethernet was made in 1973 in a company called Xerox PARC.

Where is Ethernet used?

Ethernet technology is used to connect computers in a LAN and exchange data.

What topology is Ethernet based on?

Ethernet supports topologies like Bus, Star, Ring, Tree, Mesh etc.

What are the types of Ethernet cable?

There are mainly three types of Ethernet cable Coaxial Cables, Twisted Pair and Fiber Cables.

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