What is Mail Server in Hindi: You must have sent an email at some point or the other and you must have also noticed that when you Internet When you send mail through it, it reaches the recipient in the blink of an eye. You may find it very easy to send an email, but sending an email is a very complex process that involves many protocol and processes are used.
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What is Mail Server
a mail Server that which Email Also called a server, it is a computer Or is the application that stores all the incoming mail to the delivery of the user and then sends those e-mails to the client. A mail server uses Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) to send and receive email.
You can think of a mail server like a post office. Just as you used to write a letter to your loved one in the olden times, you had to give it to the post office first. The post office used to send the letter to the right person according to the address written on that letter.
Mail servers perform the same functions as post offices. On the one hand, where the process of sending and receiving letters through the post office used to take a lot of time, on the other hand due to advanced technology, mail servers deliver the email to the client in real time.
Overall, mail servers are computer systems that perform the task of receiving and sending email.
How Does Mail Server Work?
When you send an email to any person, it reaches him in the blink of an eye. But an email passes through a series of mail servers, which involve many complex protocols and procedures. We have explained to you about the basic working of a mail server.
When you send an email, your client server (the one you are sending the email to) connects to your domain’s SMTP server after sending the email. SMTP is an outgoing mail server, without SMTP your mail will not go anywhere.
Your email client communicates with the SMTP server, and gives it your email address, the recipient’s email address, the message body, and any attachments.
The SMTP server processes the recipient’s email address and if domain name sender, it is sent directly to the POP3 or IMAP server, and thus the client receives the email.
But if the domain name is different, the sender’s SMTP server has to communicate with the DNS or domain name server in order to find the recipient’s server. DNS takes the recipient’s email domain name and translates it into an IP address.
Sender’s SMTP server cannot properly route email with a domain name alone, an IP address is a unique number assigned to each computer connected to the Internet. IP address It is through this that an outgoing mail server can perform its work more efficiently.
Now that the SMTP server has the recipient’s IP address, it connects to its SMTP server. This is usually not done directly, instead the email is routed along a series of unrelated SMTP servers until it reaches its destination.
The recipient’s SMTP server scans the incoming email, if it recognizes the domain and username, then forwards the email to the domain’s POP3 or IMAP server. From there, it is placed in a send mail queue until the recipient’s email client allows it to be downloaded. At that point, the message can be read by the recipient. It is such a complicated process to send an email.
Types of Mail Server
Mail servers can be mainly divided into two categories. Outgoing and incoming mail servers.
1 – Outgoing Mail Server
The outgoing mail server is also known as SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) mail server, it handles the outgoing email requests and sends the email.
2 – Incoming Mail Server
Incoming mail server is called a server that helps to deliver mail to the client, or is important in receiving email. There are also two types of incoming mail servers. POP3 and IAMP.
POP3, or Post Office Protocol version 3, servers store sent and received email on the computer’s local hard drive.
IAMP or Internet Message Access Protocol, servers always store copies of messages on the server. Most POP3 servers can also store messages on the server.
Features of Mail Server
Following are the main features of Mail Server –
- The mail server provides the services of SMTP/ POP3/ IMAP/ HTTP and proxy service with SSL/ TLS support.
- The mail server has an effective anti-spam facility that you can business can be tailored accordingly.
- Mail server has mail client auto-configured support.
- Mail server has fast and powerful message processing.
- The administrator can easily set up the mail server.
- Almost all types of mail servers anti virus support to.
- Supports multiple domains and mailboxes for a comprehensive mail server implementation.
- Mail server costs more.
Advantages of Mail Server
The user gets many benefits of a mail server, some of the main ones are the following.
- Everyone can make their business more convenient through email.
- Only authorized people can send or receive email through an email server.
- Email servers filter out spam emails before they are sent to the Inbox.
- different types of email servers data Can be shared securely.
Disadvantage of Mail Server
There are also some disadvantages of mail servers such as –
- Managing an email server requires technical expertise.
- Email service can be more cost-effective for small businesses.
FAQ: What is the Mail Server
Mail servers are computer systems that handle sending and receiving emails.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is a mail server used to send email.
POP3 (Post Office Protocol, Version 3) are mail servers that store sent and received emails on a computer’s hard disk.
The SMTP protocol is used to send and receive email.
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You learned: What is a mail server in Hindi
In this article we have Mail Server in Hindi, How it Works, Characteristics, Types, Advantages and Disadvantages of Mail Server Detailed information is given about. We sincerely hope that if you have read this article carefully till the end, then you must have got all the information about mail server.
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