What is Mainframe Computer (Uses and Examples)

What is Mainframe Computer in Hindi: depending on your functionality and size computer There are many types, of which one type of computer is the mainframe computer. Mainframe computers are very large in size and are able to do many tasks very fast at the same time. That’s why they are used only in some special places.

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If you do not have all the above information about mainframe computer, then read this article completely, in this article we have told you in detail about each and every aspect related to mainframe computer. So, without taking much time, let’s start today’s article.

What is Mainframe Computer?

Mainframe computers are large sized machines with high memoryspacious storage and very high grade processor are. General digital computer Mainframe computers are very fast and powerful in comparison.

What is Mainframe Computer (Uses and Examples)

it’s pretty fast data Process data, so they are used as a centralized machine in banking, government departments, large companies, scientific research and census data etc. Mainframe computers are capable of performing multiple tasks simultaneously at ultra speed, hundreds of users can work in these computers simultaneously.

Mainframe computers are very large in size. A typical mainframe computer can cover an area ranging from 2000 Square Feet to 10000 Square Feet. Their storage capacity is also very high. Mainframe computers are very expensive as compared to microcomputers and mini computers. That’s why they are called mainframe computers.

Although mainframe computers micro computer And mini computer They are very powerful, but mainframe computers do not have the power of a supercomputer.

History of Mainframe Computer

According to many researches, the world’s first mainframe computer was Harvard Mark I, which was developed in 1930 by Howard Aiken, who was a researcher at Harvard. This computer was completed in 1943. It was as large as an entire room in size and weighed 5 tons.

In 1945, the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) became a mainframe computer, developed by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly.

After the construction of ENIAC, Eckert and Mauchly proposed the construction of EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) which included many logical improvements, EDVAC was completed in 1949 and started working in 1951.

In 1951, both these inventors developed the UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer I) mainframe computer in America. The major and popular vendors of mainframe computers today are IBM, Hitachi, Amdahl, and Unisys.

Example of Mainframe Computer

There are many examples of mainframe computers in today’s time, below we have told you about some popular mainframe computer examples.

  • IBM z Series – IBM z15, IBM z14, IBM System z13, IBM System z10, IBM System z9 etc.
  • Tianhe-1A; NUDT YH Cluster
  • Jaguar; Cray XT5
  • nebulae; Dawning TC3600 Blad
  • IBM 370, S/390
  • Fujitsu’s ICL VME
  • Hitachi’s Z800
  • I Series System

Components of Mainframe Computer

To maintain the good performance of the mainframe computer, its components are very important. Further in this article, we have told you about some important components of mainframe computer.

1 – Processing Unit (Processing Unit)

The mainframe computer has a Processing Unit (CPU). cpu There is an interface for different components and each channel all channels serve as a communication medium between the input/output terminals and the memory module.

2 – Control Unit (Controller Unit)

The control unit, also known as the bus, is used for connecting various devices in a mainframe computer such as tape, Disc There are many buses for etc.

3 – Storage Unit (Storage Unit)

Storage units are used for various tasks, such as storing data, retrieving data, accessing data, etc. The storage unit consists of several devices such as Hard Drivetape drive, punch card etc., and the work of controlling all these is done by the CPU.

4 – Multiprocessors (Multiprocessor)

Mainframe computers have multiple processors that process large amounts of data in a short time frame.

5 – Cluster Controller System (Cluster Controller System)

In mainframe computers, it is a special device that connects channel terminals to the host terminal system.

Features of Mainframe Computer

Following are some of the main features of mainframe computer –

  • Mainframe computers are much larger in size than mini and micro computers.
  • Mainframe computers allow users to process large amounts of data simultaneously.
  • Mainframe computers can work for a long time, once installed they can work smoothly for about 50 – 60 years.
  • Many users can work simultaneously on a mainframe computer.
  • Many programs can be executed simultaneously in the mainframe computer.
  • The memory of mainframe computer is very high due to which it gives better performance.
  • Mainframe computers support centralized computing systems.
  • mainframe computer various complex Operating System like UNIXAble to manage VMS etc.
  • There is less possibility of any bug or error during data processing in mainframe computer, because they do not allow all types of bugs to enter the system.
  • Virtual storage system can be used in mainframe computer.
  • almost all types of mainframe computers input device And output device support the.

Uses of Mainframe Computer

Mainframe computers are used in many different fields, about which we have told you below in the article.

  • In the field of medicine, the hospital uses mainframe computers to keep all the records related to the disease, medicine and their appointment schedule of millions of patients.
  • In the defense sector, mainframe computer systems are used to transmit large amounts of information simultaneously to various areas such as land, ships, aircraft, etc.
  • employees in large universities, studentsMainframe computers are used to track the data of teachers etc. The mainframe computer stores all the records.
  • Mainframe computers are used in the banking sector for money transactions, customer account records, etc.
  • Big companies use mainframe computers to process data in bulk.
  • Mainframe computers are used to keep records of products in E-Business.
  • Mainframe computers are also used in the reservation of tickets in railways and airlines.
  • Apart from this, mainframe computers are used for many tasks, such as census, telecommunication, finance sector, research centers, etc. Mainframe computers are also used.

Advantage of Mainframe Computer

Following are some of the major advantages of mainframe computers.

  • all types of mainframe computers computer virus, malware Provide strong protection from etc.
  • Mainframe computer is capable of running complex applications with ultra computing speed.
  • Mainframe computers can last for a long time.
  • The storage unit of the mainframe is very large, so a large amount of data is stored in it.
  • Mainframe computers are more secure and can manage large amounts of data, so they are used in large companies, government departments, etc.
  • Mainframe computers can support multiple operating systems simultaneously.

Disadvantage of Mainframe Computer

Along with the advantages of mainframe computer, there are also some disadvantages, which are as follows.

  • Mainframe computers are very expensive, they cannot be used in homes, small offices or schools.
  • Although mainframes support all operating systems, but special types of operating systems are used to run them.
  • Due to the large size, it is difficult to install the mainframe computer from one place to another.
  • There is a team of trained persons to run the mainframe computer. Mainframe computer cannot be used without training.
  • Maintenance of mainframe computer is also very expensive.
  • Mainframes cannot solve very complex equations like supercomputers.
  • It consumes more resources.

FAQ: What is Mainframe Computer

What was the first mainframe computer?

The world’s first mainframe computer was the Harvard Mark I, which started making in 1930 and was completed in 1943.

How are mainframe computers sized?

Mainframe computers are very large in size, occupying as much space as a room. A typical mainframe computer can cover an area ranging from 2000 Square Feet to 10000 Square Feet.

For what purposes and where are mainframe computers used?

Mainframe computers are mostly used in large companies, in the fields of banking, defense, medicine, etc. Mainframe computers are used for tasks where large amounts of data need to be processed in a short period of time.

How many bits are there in a mainframe computer?

A mainframe computer can have 48, 60 or 64 bits.

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Conclusion: What is Mainframe Computer in Hindi

Through this article we have given you What is mainframe computer in English Detailed information has been given about. We have tried our best to tell you even the smallest thing about the mainframe computer. Even after reading the article completely, if you have any questions related to mainframe computer, then you can ask us in the comment box, we will try to answer you soon.

That’s all in this article, hope you must have liked this article, share this article with your friends on social media too, so that they also get to know about mainframe computers.

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