What is Rasa – Definition, Types, Characteristics of Ras, know with examples

juice English grammar And is an important topic taught in Hindi literature. As described by Acharya Bharatmuni – Vibhavanubhavavyabhicharisamyogadrasanishpatih – that is, rasa arises from the union of Vibhava, Anubhava and Vyabhicharibhava. This means that ‘rati’ present in the mind of a compassionate person through vibhava, anubhava and communicative bhava changes into the form of ‘rasa’. To know in detail about Ras in Hindi, read this blog till the end.

What is juice?

The word ‘rasa’ is derived from the combination of the root ‘rasa’ and the suffix ‘ach’. in Sanskrit language Origin of juice ‘Rasyate Iti Ras’ It is done in this way, that is, that which gives taste or pleasure is the same juice. The literal meaning of rasa is ‘joy’. The great pleasure that one experiences by reading or listening to poetry or by contemplating it is called rasa.

characteristics of juice

Following are some of the characteristics of juice:

  1. Rasa is full of self-illumination and knowledge.
  2. Feelings are pleasant, sad, but when they turn into rasa, they become blissful.
  3. The juice is intact.
  4. Rasa is neither alternative knowledge nor non-vikalpa knowledge, hence it is supernatural.
  5. Rasa-Vedian contact is zero, that is, in the time of Rasaswad, the social remains completely absorbed.
  6. Ras Brahmanand is a sibling. Therefore, the joy of ras in Hindi is like that of Brahmanand (samadhi).

lines of great poets about rasa

Explaining the importance of juice Acharya Bharatmuni himself wrote-

Nahi rasaate kaschidarthaah pravarate.

like that Vishwanath Kaviraj has also written

Satvodrekadkhand-Swaprakashananda Chittamayah.
Vedyantarsparshshuno basvad sibling:
Lokottara miracle pranah kaishchitpramatrbhih.
svakaravadabhintvenayamasvadyate rasah

The meaning of the above lines is that by suppressing Rajoguna and Tamoguna in the heart, the ‘Rasa’ is realized by the beautiful and clean light of Sattvaguna. (There are three gunas of nature, Satoguna, Tamogun, Rajoguna, which have been talked about here but are considered to be the best of the three. During the interview of this unique ‘Rasa’, there is no touch of other Vedic subjects.

Hence Brahman is like samadhi (samadhi). The supernaturality of this rasa is that even after being separated from the soul, there is an indistinct perception of ‘gauroham’, ‘kanoham’ etc. in the body; In the same way, the blissful and miraculous ‘Rasa’ appears to be inseparable from the soul even though it is separated from the soul.

Mammatacharya, the founder of the Ras sect (In the eleventh century) Kavyananda is called ‘Brahmanand Sahodar’, that is, the joy experienced by the Yogi.

The original source of Brahmananda’s imagination regarding rasa There is Taittiriya Upanishad in which it is said – ‘Raso vai sah’, meaning bliss is Brahman.

Acharya Ramchandra Shukla, Dr. Nagendra etc. Acharya Shukla, like the Sanskrit Rasavadi Acharyas, has considered the rasa to be cosmic and not as supernatural and has given a cosmic interpretation of it. They regard the state of rasa as the ‘free state of the heart’.

Vishwanath Kaviraj has mentioned,

Aviruddha Virudha or Virupatumakshama.
Asvadankurkandohundred Bhava: Establishment possibly.

That is, aviruddha or virudhabhava (which cannot be hidden), that basic sense of taste is called permanent emotion. Rati, anger, enthusiasm, hatred, feelings are there in the heart of man from birth in the form of lust, which does not require any teacher to teach. This condition is called ‘Vasana’ in classical language. As such, permanent feelings are present in the human’s soul in a lustful form.

components of juice

There are mainly four parts or components of rasa:

  1. permanence
  2. Vibhava
  3. experience
  4. Adulterous or communicative sentiments.
Ras in Hindi

1. Fixed price

The meaning of the permanent house is – the main house. The house that reaches the state of rasa is called the primary house. The permanent feeling is from the beginning to the end in poetry or drama. The number of permanent expressions has been accepted as nine. Permanent feeling is the basis of rasa. At the root of a rasa there is a permanent feeling. Hence the number of Rasas is also ‘Nine’, which are called ‘Navras’. Basically there are only nine Rasas. Later Acharyas recognized two more expressions (Vatsalya and Bhagavad Vishak Rati) as permanent house. Thus the number of permanent bhavas reaches eleven and from which the number of rasas is also eleven.

Rasa and their permanent expressions

fixed price Ras in Hindi
Fear Horrible
Haas Humor
Mourning compassion
Anger raudra
astonishment Wonderful
Vatsal affection
Jugutsa gruesome
nirved quiet
excitement Daring
Affection Bhakti Rasa

abbreviation of permanent expressions

  1. RatiThe loving-oriented attitude of the mind in the beloved object is called ‘rati’.
  2. excitement Stability and fervent passion in doing work is called ‘Enthusiasm’.
  3. AngerAnother name for passion about enemies is ‘anger’.
  4. jealousyThe hatred generated due to a defect is called Jugupsa.
  5. astonishmentThe expansion of the mind arising from the sight of an object with supernatural power, etc., is called awe.
  6. nirved In the state of desirelessness or when all kinds of desires have been pacified, the happiness produced by the rest of the soul is called ‘Sham’ or ‘Nirved’.
  7. HaasThe pleasure of the mind on seeing the disorders of speech etc. is ‘haas’.
  8. FearThe feeling that disturbs the mind, generated by the power of some evil, is called fear.
  9. Mourning- The restlessness of the mind arising due to the destruction of a loved object is called ‘mourning’.
  10. progenyWhen one is attracted by listening to the child’s gestures, sweet-totli speech, then he is said to be a child.
  11. God’s WordWhen the devotee’s thoughts, words, deeds towards the deity become absorbed in their worship, then the feeling that arises in such a situation is called the rati related to God.

2. Vibhava

Vibhava means ’cause’. The reasons due to which the permanent feeling situated in the heart of the sympathetic society develops, they are called Vibhava.

Vibhava is of two types:

  • helplessnessDue to which a permanent feeling arises in the heart of the ashram. It is called Alambana Vibhava.
  • excitabilityThey are helpful and follower of Alamban Vibhava. Under the stimulus, the efforts of attachment and the external environment – two elements come, which make the permanent feeling more excited, enlightened and excited.

3. Experience

Efforts for alambana (to try, desire) are considered under stimulation, while efforts for shelter come under anubhav.

Defining Anubhava it has been said-

, Emotional expressions: ,

That is, the cause that gives the sense of feeling is called anubhava. Those external efforts of shelter, by which it is known which emotion has been ignited in his heart, are called anubhava.

There are four types of experiences:

  1. anagic (corporeal) – manifested by the movements of the body.
  2. Oral– Manifested by speech.
  3. food – Dresses are manifested by ornamentation.
  4. Moral Those efforts arising out of the yoga of Sattva, on which we do not have control, are called Sattvik Anubhav. Their number is eight – sweat, trembling, thrill, pillar, disharmony, tears, vaivarnya, delirium etc.

4. Communicative Bhava or Adulterous Bhava

Those which reinforce the permanent house are called communicative expressions. All these are present in the juices. These are also called adulterous expressions. Their number is considered to be 33.

Maharaja ‘Jaswant’ Singh in his book ‘Bhasha-Bhushan’ has described them as follows-

Nirvedou doubt, fear, attachment, nostalgia.
Dainik Asuya death item, laziness labor frenzy
Nature-secret agility Apsama fear guilt.
Beed inertia Harsh Dhriti Mati Impulse Bakhani
Anxiety, sleep, dream-realization, become fierceness.
The disease amarsha vitarka smriti ye thirty three ganaya.
(‘Bhasha-Bhushan’ Jaswant Singh)

Types of juices, short meaning and examples

The types, abbreviations and examples of rasas are given below:

  1. makeup juice
  2. comic juice
  3. song or a music with a sad tone
  4. Heroic
  5. terrible juice
  6. raudra rasa
  7. bitter juice
  8. wonderful juice
  9. cool juice
  10. vatsalya rasa
  11. Bhakti Rasa

(1) makeup-rasa

Shringar Ras has been given the title of Rasraj.

Mainly two distinctions have been mentioned about it:

(i) Sanyog makeup (sexual makeup) – When the situation of the union of the hero-heroine is explained, there is a combination of makeup.

For a moment my dear’s twins wink,
They got up and fell down easily.
Agility with this trembling wink,
Strengthened as if there was a love affair.
– Sumitranandan Pant

(ii) Viyoga Shringar (Vipralambha Shringar) Where the separation of the hero-heroine, the mood of the pain is explained, there is a rasa of separation.

The eyes are hungry for Hari Darsan.
How to live Roop-Ras Ranchi I got dry hearing these lights.
Duration speed iktik mag jowat, not hungry like that.

There are mainly four types of separation makeup:

  1. bias disconnection
  2. anthropogenic disconnection
  3. migration-related disconnection
  4. cursed disconnection

(2) humorous juice

The sense of humor which awakens by seeing or hearing a person’s unique strange dress, form, gesture, is called humorous rasa.

Friend! Listen to Ik Mohan,
Nikshi Matuki’s head take the way.
Puni bandhi lyo su new natna,
Ru kahan kahan kahan bund curry deceit kai.
Nikasi uhi gal hute jahan mohan,
Take off your linen then let’s go.
Patuki Dhari Siam taught,
Ut guari laughter face achal dai

(3) compassionate juice

When a loved object or person has an ending or destroying feeling, the grief generated in the heart is expressed in the form of a permanent feeling of compassion.

The crown was tied just now,
Haldi’s hand happened yesterday.
Even the words of shame were not open,
Kisses were in bloom.
Hi! The world stopped here
Make vermilion anal ember.
– Sumitranandan Pant

(4) Veer Ras

The zeal that arises in the heart in the works of war or bravery, that rasa is called enthusiasm rasa.

O charioteer! What is Drona, Devendra also came and was adamant,
The game is fought by breaking the array of Kshatriya boys.
I tell the truth, friend! Don’t know me sweet
Always know me presented in battle with Yamraj.

There are four different types of Veeras:

  1. war hero
  2. Dan Veer
  3. Dharma Veer
  4. Mercy hero.

(5) Terrible juice

When we see, hear or remember a fearful object, scene, creature or person, a feeling called fear appears, then it is called fearful rasa.

Nabh te jhatpat baaz likh, bhulyo gross prapanch.
Staggered body disturbed Nayan, reaper hilyu na ranch

(6) Raudra Rasa

Where there is blasphemy of one’s teacher, patriotism is insulted, there the feeling of vengeance against the enemy ‘anger’ arises with a permanent feeling and is expressed in the form of raudra rasa.

Hearing the words of Shri Krishna, Arjuna started burning with anger.
Forgetting all the sorrows, they started rubbing the couple.
See the world, now our enemies are dead in the battle.
He got up and stood while making the announcement.
At that time, his body felt trembling with anger.
As if the sleeping ocean was awakened by the wind.
The face of the child-Ravi became red like a flame.
For the cataclysm, what time did he get angry there?
-Maithali Sharan Gupt

(7) Vileous juice

The feeling of hatred that arose in the mind after seeing and listening to the disgusting scene, being satisfied with the feeling of hatred, makes the expression of vibhas rasa.

Blood is overflowing from the rotten puck of flesh,
Strong odour, suffocating breath.
floating gecko fractures
Bad worm packages of great destruction in Kardam.

(8) wonderful juice

When we are surprised to see some wonderful thing, person or action, then that rasa is called marvelous rasa.

One wonder brother. Thadha Singh grazing cow
Water fish are bred. Catch it and ate the chicken.
– Kabir

(9) cool juice

When a feeling of dispassion arises or dissatisfaction with the world arises, the action of calm rasa arises.

Buddha’s renunciation-
See what load am I running?
you look at me
I gave up, see Nisar.
Who will stop my work?
Oh fleeting! Rama Rama !
Rupashray Tera Tarun Gatra,
Say, how long is that life-only,
The team team is out and out.
Oh fleeting! Rama Rama !

(10) Vatsalya Rasa

Most of the masters have given recognition to Vatsalya Ras under the makeup of Shringar Ras, but now Vatsalya Ras has got freedom in the literature.

Yasoda Hari swings the cradle.
Halraain Dulraain, Joi-soi turtle village.
Wish your heart.
When will my red ghuturuvan crawl,
When dharni pag dwaik gharai?

(11) Bhakti Rasa

When we start having attachment, rati towards the deity or God, that is, we get absorbed in his bhajan-kirtan, then in such a situation devotional rasa arises. Example-

Go Hari, make your organs strong.
Soi Susil, Puneet, Veda with Vidya-Gunani Bharyo.
Satpanth Uryo listened to the actions of Utpati Pandu Sutan.
Te trailokya pujya, holy jas suni-hear lok taryo.
Those who do not sleep without their dharam, do not believe in turtles.
Binu avagun kriklaskup marjjit kar ghi udhyyo.

Ras Hindi Grammar PPT

Source : SlideShare


How many different types of juices are there?

There are eleven different types of rasa- (1) Shringar rasa (2) Humor rasa (3) Karun rasa (4) Raudra rasa (5) Veer rasa (6) Terrible rasa (7) Vibhatsa rasa (8) wonderful rasa (9) Shanta Rasa (10) Vatsal Rasa (11) Bhakti Rasa.

How many parts of the juice are there?

There are 4 parts of Ras Hindi grammar- (1) Permanent sense, (2) Vibhava, (3) Anubhava, (4) Communicative emotion.

What is juice?

The word ‘rasa’ is formed from the combination of the root ‘rasa’ and the suffix ‘ach’. The origin of rasa in Sanskrit language is ‘Rasyate iti rasa’ in this way, i.e. that which gives taste or pleasure is that rasa.

Hopefully, you must have understood about Ras in Hindi in this blog. If you want to read more blogs on Hindi Grammar then Leverage Edu Stay with

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